Read more Read less. About the Author After a lifetime of extensive travel, and disillusioned by living in Western Europe, Romasa Storey read about Brazil and decided to visit it. Read more. Tell the Publisher! I'd like to read this book on Kindle Don't have a Kindle?
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Get fast, free delivery with Amazon Prime. Back to top. That could include time-use measures of digital services impact on happiness and anxiety, or time-use measures of social capital when the time-use data is supplemented with further information. Another benefit is that data for some fields, for example, location co-presence and possibly some activity data, can be collected or enhanced using data science techniques, allowing the diary to solely focus on collection of other data fields.
In , the ONS engaged in a work programme to develop a modernised online light diary approach to time use data collection. Higher ages are associated with more time alone, and less time with others from outside the household. Being retired, and having a retired partner, is associated with increased amounts of time coupled men and women spend together, especially one-on-one time.
This extra partner time is spent primarily in a variety of shared leisure activities. We find evidence that partner togetherness has increased between and for retired couples, but not for those still working. Our findings illustrate how certain demographic changes in recent decades, such as delayed childbearing, can reduce spousal togetherness during the encore years, whereas higher life expectancy increases couples time together and reduces alone time at these ages.
Disruptive night sleep can have myriad health implications in both the short- and long-term. A limited number of studies have shown that disruptive night sleep due to caregiving of children is disproportionally experienced by women, although the majority of these studies have utilized non-nationally representative samples.
To date, no studies have examined gender differences in disruptive night sleep in a cross-country comparative perspective using nationally-representative data. It also contributes to the related literature by differentiating between disruptive night sleep due to childcare, and non-childcare related factors, which is made possible due to the episodic nature of time diary data. Results show that night sleep disruptions followed by childcare and non-childcare activities are more prevalent for women than men in both Sweden and Canada, but find gender differences of such disruptions to be more salient in Canada concerning childcare disruptions, and Sweden concerning non-childcare disruptions.
Some evidence is uncovered to suggest that couples in Sweden who divide household labor more equally during the day, extend this egalitarianism into the night. Results also show that those who experience night disruptions compensate for the loss in sleep efficiency in other activities. The results illustrate that night sleep disruptions for childcare and non-childcare related factors manifest themselves differently according to gender across countries, and that such disruptions are more costly to women than men. This might not so much be because of how these results are communicated, but because of what is communicated.
Time use is constrained and is enabled by social time structures, but in much research, time use is treated as a money-like resource, i. But people are not free to allocate their time use over the day just as they wish. Individual time use is grounded a collective temporal framework, a social time structure, which lends weight to timing, sequence, frequency and synchronization demands next to duration of activities. The conference presentation will cover my results: Supported by slides, I will briefly introduce implicit and explicit politics of time the latter addressing time structural changes and also briefly outline my theoretical conception of a social time structure manifested in everyday-life routines based on Giddens ; Gershuny and the time geography approach and the methodological consequences for empirical analyses.dbpc.be/languages
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Exemplary, time scarcity will be scrutinized. While there are different terms and operationalizations of this concept see eg. Kalenkoski, et al.
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In the German time use study, subjective time scarcity was surveyed with a 5-point scale, which is my depended variable in the following analyses. With reference to van Tienoven, et al. I identify 12 clusters, which have a highly significant effect on subjective time scarcity in an ordinal regression. I show how the collective time structure frames individual time use. My approach includes the whole population, and connects individual time use with structural constraints and enablings. This can inform politics better than just results from analyses of durations. Oxford: Oxford Univ.
Berkeley: Univ. Kalenkoski, Charlene M. In: Social Indicators Research, 1 : In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 24 : In: The Sociological Review, 65 4 : Williams, Jason R. This paper examines how workers well-being such as health and job engagement changes is affected, and what kind of workers and workplaces are more influenced, by introducing and utilizing new information technology such as AI, IoT, and big data, based on workers panel data.
First, we found that workers with relatively more routine tasks, with higher wages, with longer working hours, and in the workplace improving operational efficiency tend to introduce and utilize new information technology. Second, panel data estimation shows that well-being indices such as mental health index and work engagement index tend to increase after the introduction and utilization of new information technology. Thus, the introduction and utilization of new technologies such as AI can be interpreted as improving well-being such as mental health and work engagement, as a result that the effect of supporting workers is greater than the effect of increasing the workload.
In addition, we found that the impact of such new information technology on well-being is more evident for the workers with clear job description, with high job discretion, with frequent unexpected jobs, and in the workplace conducting work-style reform such as improving operation efficiency, reducing overtime work, promoting morning and evening non-work activities, and promoting paid holidays. Barcelona City Council. In this framework, the City Council encourages different kind of projects to raise awareness amongst the business sector to promote a healthier, more egalitarian and efficient time organisation.
A cornerstone of this set of public policies is the Business Network for a New Social Time Use , which gathers more than companies and organisation. Barcelona Activa, as the public local development agency with the mission to promote socioeconomic policies in Barcelona, implements the following strategic actions which would be presented in the 41st IATUR upcoming congress:. With data collected from more than , interviews starting in , the ATUS provides a wealth of detail for numerous research projects.
ATUS data from the core time diary allow for nationally representative estimates of how people spend their time. Occasionally, organizations sponsor a module, or series of questions on a special topic usually related to time use. In addition, the module included questions about the types of shifts people work, how much flexibility and control workers have in determining their schedules, and whether they can or do work from home. By combining two years of data, researchers will have a larger sample size for improved estimate quality, as well as increased analytical capacity for studying subgroups and smaller subpopulations compared to using a single year of data.
The poster will include information about the data that will be available from the Leave and Job Flexibilities Module, which is scheduled for release in the fall of Higher educated people tend to have less leisure time and experience more time pressure than lower educated people e. Glorieux et al. Nevertheless, it is these higher educated people who have quite a large repertoire of leisure activities. Being time poor having insufficient time for rest and leisure does not always seem a constraint to participate in certain leisure activities.
Many studies have also shown women, and particularly mothers, to experience time shortages more than men.
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However, big disparities also exist within the group of women. Focusing on women only and using both objective and subjective experienced time pressure time poverty, we will distinguish between time rich and time poor women and analyse the quality of their leisure and the leisure activities these time poor and time rich engage in. How do leisure time patterns differ between time poor and time rich women? And which patterns cause more or less subjective time pressure?
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Abstract: It has been long argued that standard poverty measures - framed within the neoclassical approach which assumes that people can obtain a higher level of well-being if they have higher incomes- are far from adequate. The traditional income-based poverty methods have been widely criticized because they are a simplistic view of a complex phenomenon. Since the s some economists have incorporated time use in the analysis of poverty, such as Becker, Vickery, Burchardt, and Kalenkoski.
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In this paper, I will analyze the concept of time poverty and the different methodologies by which it is calculated. I will also propose my own methodology of calculating time poverty and compare all measurement. I believe that by doing this, I can find an improved way of thinking about its policy implications. One of the issues about The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program SNAP participation is whether this program contributes to high rates of overweight and obesity among low-income populations. A well-documented finding about SNAP is that benefit expenditure tends to be highest within the first or second week of issuance and benefits typically do not last until the next issuance date, indicating that food may be abundant for a household in the days after benefit issuance, and much less near the end of the benefit cycle.
This irregular food consumption pattern among SNAP participants, with binge eating immediately after benefit issuance and reduced consumption at the end of benefit cycle, can be linked to weight gain. Even though eating patterns can differ significantly between SNAP recipients and eligible non-recipients, and eating pattern is an important determinant of obesity, no research has compared the eating patterns of these two groups.
This is also important for providing insights into why nutrition and health outcomes vary across different segments of the population. We will use matching methods to mitigate the selection bias problem.